F-1 On-Campus Employment
  • Work on-campus prior to graduation
  • Position does not need to relate to major field of study
  • Must apply for SSN
F-1 Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
  • Work off-campus prior to graduation
  • Position directly related to major field of study
  • Need job offer to apply
  • Does not deduct from Post-Completion OPT
F-1 Pre-Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
  • Work off-campus prior to graduation
  • Position directly related to major field of study
  • Authorized periods deducted from Post-Completion OPT 12-month bank 
  • Need government approval
F-1 Work with an International Organization (IO)
  • Work off-campus prior to graduation
  • Employment does not need to relate to major field of study
  • Need job offer from accepted international organization to apply
  • Need government approval
F-1 Post-Completion Optional Practical Training (oPT)
  • Work off-campus after graduation (up to 12 months)
  • Position directly related to major field of study
  • Need government approval
F-1 STEM Optional Practical Training (OPT)
  • Extension of Optional Practical Training up to 24 months ONLY for students with a current OPT period and a degree in a STEM field 
  • Need job offer to apply
  • Need government approval
  • Evaluation requirement
J-1 On-Campus Employment
  • Work on-campus prior to graduation
  • Position does not need to relate to major field of study
  • Must renew authorization each semester
  • Must apply for SSN
J-1 Academic Training (AT)
  • Work off-campus prior to or after graduation
  • Position directly related to major field of study
  • Need job offer to apply
  • Evaluation requirement